While it’s highly unlikely, it’s possible to get pregnant without having vaginal sex, experts say. “Unfortunately, there are a lot of crazy myths out there just to scare people, so it’s important to understand the real scenarios where it’s possible to get pregnant without having sex, and why,” Dr Mary Jane Minkin, clinical professor of obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive sciences at Yale School of Medicine tells.
First of all, it’s important to tell that there are millions of sperms in a tiny bit of ejaculate. It’s around 20 million sperm per 1ml of semen and the average male ejaculates 3.5ml each time.
Just to give some context Minkin says, a low sperm count is anything less than 20 million sperm per 1ml of semen and 10 or 15 million per 1ml is still a lot of sperm. “So even a tiny bit of ejaculate can cause a pregnancy if it gets inside the vagina,” Minkin says.
“Don’t forget that sperm can move — they’re basically designed like little Olympic swimmers whose only job is to swim up the vagina and find that egg,” Minkin says.
So, yeah they’re active enough to travel from on or around the vulva to inside the vagina if they are close enough to the vaginal opening. “If there are a lot of vaginal secretions around the vulva, this can also make it easier for the sperm to swim from outside to inside the vagina.”
Now you are aware how plentiful and resilient sperm is, let’s go over the different ways it can get into the vagina and can cause pregnancy.
If someone ejaculates on or near the vulva
“If the ejaculate gets close enough to the vulva, it’s possible for the sperm to travel into the vagina,” Minkin says. It can arrive there on its own or can accidentally be wiped into the vaginal opening.
What if you have your clothes on? Well sperm can pass through the fabric and it might be technically possible to cause pregnancy, but Minkin says, it’s highly unlikely, even if the underwear touching the vulva is saturated with semen.
Clothing is actually a pretty effective way of preventing pregnancy since sperm aren’t enough strong to swim through the fabric especially if both partners are wearing and there are two layers of fabric.
If there is semen from recent ejaculation on fingers or sex toys that get inserted into the vagina
If someone ejaculates then it is possible that it might get on either their fingers or their partner’s fingers. If the sperm it still alive and those fingers ended up in the vagina, it can enter the vaginal canal and swim to the uterus.
The same goes for sex toys like dildos or vibrators or other objects that get inserted into the vagina that might have sperm on them.
If someone ejaculates in the rectum during unprotected anal sex, then semen comes out and gets on or near the vulva
“If your partner ejaculates inside your rectum, it’s very easy for the sperm and rectal mucous to leak or come out, and then it can spread to the vulva since it’s so close to the anus,” Minkin says. You’re still highly unlikely to get pregnant, she says.
So concludingly you can think this way the closer semen gets to the vulva the more are the chances of getting pregnant. If you aren’t on any form of birth control and you’re worried about getting pregnant you should probably avoid getting ejaculate anywhere near your vulva.